list of the largest temples in the world-AS A historical site, the temple should be used to get a picture of the magnificent life in the past. Indonesia has Borobudur Temple in Magelang, Central Java which has been named one of the largest temples in the world.
list of the largest temples in the world
In fact, Borobudur Temple is recorded as a wonder of the world. Here are the 4 largest temples in the world.
- Angkor Wat
The largest temple in the world is held by Angkor Wat which is located in Krong Siem Reap, Cambodia. The site of this temple has an area of 162.6 hectares dedicated to Lord Shiva, Brahma, and Vishnu.
Quoting from Britannica, Angkor Wat Temple was built in the 12th century, precisely during the reign of King Suryawarman II. He ruled from 1113 to 1150. In this temple complex, there are at least a thousand buildings that stand firmly. This grandeur of his can still be witnessed today.
The city of Angkor itself was the center of the royal dynasty of the Khmer king. Throughout the 9th to 13th centuries, many large construction projects have been worked on. However, Angkor Wat is indeed a very prominent one. Initially, Suryawarman II built Angkor Wat for the cemetery complex, especially for himself later.
All the motifs in this temple breathe Hinduism. Today, Angkor Wat Temple is considered the most important historical site in Cambodia.
In second place, there is Karnak located in Egypt. The magnificent temple, which has been developing for more than a thousand years, is dedicated to The Gods Amun, Mut, and Khonsu. Karnak and other ancient Thebes regions were simultaneously designated as UNESCO world heritage sites in 1979.
Excavations of this temple began to be carried out in the 20th century, and found a very large and impressive area. The temple, which is also referred to as the temple, is said to be the largest religious building ever built. Various temple names stand in the Karnak complex, but the most famous is the Amun-Ra temple.
The World Monuments Fund (WMF) said that this temple was the most important part of Ancient Egypt. there, lived the gods on earth with his wife. Amun-Ra Temple has a spacious hall called The Great Hypostyle Hall which was built during the reign of Seti I.
The hall was filled with 134 giant sandstone columns, along with a vast space without an end. There is also a lake in the Karnak Temple complex which is considered very sacred and is used as a location for worship rituals or other important ceremonies.
The grandest temple in Indonesia, Borobudur, is also included in the ranks of the largest temples in the world. The base area of Borobudur Temple is 123×123 meters, with an original height of 42 meters. However, it is now only 35 meters high.
- Borobudur Temple (Indonesia Travel)
The temple that is included in the list of wonders of the world is a Buddhist temple built in the years 775 to 832 AD by order of King Visnu. Its construction was then continued during the reigns of King Indra and Samaratungga.
Quoting the official website of the Ministry of Education and Culture, Borobudur Temple is a witness to the development of Buddhism in the archipelago. In fact, Borobudur is seen as the peak of the massive development of the religion. All the sculptures, reliefs, arrangements of statues, and Buddha figures that are sprinkled are proof of the magnificent temple in Magelang
To this day, no expert or observer can be sure why Borobudur was abandoned. However, one speculation that arose was due to the eruption of Mount Merapi in 1006.
British Lieutenant Governor Sir Thomas Stanford Raffles ordered his staff to clean up the Borobudur Temple which at that time was covered with dirt and shrubs. The order he delivered in 1814. The exploration of Borobudur continued until the Dutch rule.
In the 4th position, there is the Akshardham temple located in New Delhi, India. This magnificent site has a variety of traditional Hindu items and is very rare. Inaugurated on November 6, 2005, the construction of this temple or temple was only carried out within a period of 5 years with the blessing of Pramukh Swami Maharaj of BAPS (Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha).
In the process of its construction, there were as many as 11 thousand craftsmen and thousands of BAPS volunteers involved. The building is said to be obliged to receive a world record as the largest comprehensive Hindu temple in the world.
- The Temple of Heaven
and another temple that is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site, namely The Temple of Heaven in China China. This ‘paradise temple’ is precisely located in the southeast of Beijing and is the location of a tourist tour. This temple of heaven was founded by Emperor Yongle during the reign of the Ming Dynasty. In addition, there is also a so-called Forbidden City in the Beijing area. Both were built on the same government.
One of the largest temples in the world began construction in 1406 and was completed in 1420. It took about 14 years to complete the temple. The complex was expanded and named the Temple of Heaven during the rule of the Jiajing Empire in the 16th century. Jiajing also built three other temples in Beijing, namely the Temple of the Sun (in the east), the Temple of Earth (in the north), and the Temple of Moon (in the west).
- Prambanan Temple
Prambanan Temple is located in the Special Region of Yogyakarta, precisely on the border of Klaten-Jogja. This temple is also no less famous than Borobudur Temple.
There have even been several events held here, such as Prambanan Jazz, Opera van Java, International Yoga Festival, “25th Anniversary” Yanni Orchestra, Ramayana Ballet, and so on.
Prambanan Temple is a Hindu temple founded in the 9th century. There are three main deities that symbolize this temple, namely Vishnu, Shiva, and Brahma.
All three are called Trimurti. Because of its uniqueness and background, Prambanan Temple is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Ranganathaswamy Temple
This temple that has a unique architectural design is the largest Hindu temple in India. Ranganathaswamy Temple is arguably unique from its diverse colors. So if you look at it at a glance from afar, you will see colorful and very conspicuous buildings. The temple dedicated to Lord Ranganatha began to be made in the 17th century AD. For those of you who are visiting India, please take the time to travel here, because this Hindu temple is different from others and unlike the temples you have visited.
- Tiger’s Nest Monastery
Who loves hiking? This time we will visit one of the best spots in Bhutan, namely Paro Taktsang or commonly called Tiger’s Nest Monastery.
To land here you have to be willing to walk to the top of the cliff. Only intended people were able to get through the hills.
It is necessary to be careful because the location of the temple is on the side of the cliff. So you guys shouldn’t play around here. But when you get to the top, tired or your efforts are treated with the beautiful natural scenery.
This Himalayan Buddhist site is a well-known sacred site and was built for Buddhists who want to pray and want to achieve a tranquility in life.
Suitable for people who want to be away from the crowds and be friendly with nature. Those of you who have been living in fatigue, please get some fresh air to Paro Taktsang.
- Wat Rong Khun
Wat Rong Khun is a temple located in Thailand, precisely in Chiang Rai. When viewed from the outside, it will appear that the building is white.
That’s why foreigners call it the White Temple. The temple, which has a Buddhist architectural style, is a privately owned temple, precisely owned by Chalermchai Kositpipat.
He was also the one who designed and built and opened the temple to the public in 1997.
Although it is not owned by the local government, this temple is one of the iconic tourist attractions in Thailand.This place can be used for art exhibitions.