Did you know that Komodo Island, Jeju Island, the Amazon Forest, and Machu Picchu were once on the list of the seven wonders of the world? Even Borobudur Temple, The Pyramids of Egypt, and the Tower of Pisa were also part of the 7 wonders of the world.
History of the 7 Wonders of the World
But unfortunately, some of these historical sites ended up being displaced and had to be replaced by seven other historical sites based on an election contest held in 2007.
The contest involved the entire population of the world. More than 100 million votes participated and no longer voted for Borobudur and several other sites to be included in the list of the seven wonders of the world. The reason is not because it is not feasible, but because the replacement site also has a number of wonders that are no less remarkable.
Origin & History of the 7 Wonders of the World
In ancient times, the wonders of the world were referred to as theamata. In Greek, this term is often used to refer to the grandest buildings. The existence of such amazing structures was eventually known to modern residents thanks to the writings of ancient explorers and historians.
However, it is known that the initial originator of the list of the seven wonders of the world was Antipater Sidon who was a traveler of Ancient Greek origin. Antipater listed the structure of the building in 140 BC in several stanzas of poetry.
In the poem, Antipater Sidon mentions 7 wonders of the world that we may have heard of many times, such as the Hanging Garden of Babylonia, the Statue of Zeus in Olympia, the Pyramids of Egypt, the Temple of Artemis, the Colossus of Rhodes, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, and Pharos of Alexandria.
The record eventually became global and famous, causing the curiosity of the world’s population. It was from here that finally a culture emerged to determine the 7 wonders of the world spread across several countries.
It is also known that the historians Herodotus, Callimachus of Cyrene, Filon of Byzantium once made a similar list in 305 BC. But unfortunately, none of these writings have been saved, except for reference only.
The Seven Wonders of the World New Version
In 2007, an organization called the 7 Wonders Foundation officially released the New 7 Wonders of The World which became known as the seven new versions of the world wonders.
The organization, located in Zurich, Switzerland, selected seven new wonders of the world based on a vote of more than 100 million respondents worldwide. The options provided include several sites or buildings of historical heritage.
Millions of people who participated stated that the wonders of the world that had been chosen were indeed more worthy than others. So it’s no wonder, if there are several seven wonders of the world that are also included in the list of UNESCO world heritage sites.
The following are 7 of the latest versions of the world’s world studies that are very historical and also iconic from various countries, including:
- Chichen Itza – Mexico
The first historical site to be included in the latest version of the list of the 7 wonders of the world is Chichen Itza located in Mexico. The site is a complex of Ancient Mayan civilizations that is thought to have existed since 600 AD.
Chichen Itza is said to be a pyramid left by the Mayans which has a perfect appearance because it is well maintained even though it has reached hundreds of years old.
Archaeologists have argued that this complex was once a cultural and economic center. The ruins of Chichen Itza began to be rediscovered in 1841 and became the most famous tourist destination in recent years.
The most famous building of Chichen Itza is the Pyramid of El Castillo which is thought to be a place of worship of the Ancient Mayans. This building is quite unique because it has a stepped punden like a pyramid with a flat top. There is also a hallway that used to be used as a worship area.
- Christ the Redeemer – Brazil
The next wonder of the world came from Brazil in the form of a statue of Christ atone for Sins or known as Christ the Redeemer. This statue is a man-made statue that was completed in 1922.
This statue managed to enter the ranks of the seven wonders of the world because of its location located on a hill leading to Rio de Janeiro. This statue stands 30 m high with a hand stretch width of 28 meters. The combination of the white color on the statue with the view of the green city of Rio de Janeiro and equipped with the blue of the sea presents a charming view.
Although it is not the tallest statue in the world, Christ the Redeemer is still the most popular. Besides being often used as the main destination for tourists, the statue located on corcovado peak has become a symbol of the pride of the city that is global.
- Colosseum – Italy
Who would have thought that the Colosseum is one of the sites that can survive in the list of the seven wonders of the world.
Formerly this site was known as a place of bloody slaughter as well as having a dark history because it was used as an arena for gladiators or humans dueling with wild animals. The Colosseum was also the most popular train race viewing spot during the Roman Empire. The performance served as an entertainment event for emperor Vespasianus.
The Colosseum is a typical Roman-style amphitheater that has become an icon of Rome from time to time. This magnificent ancient stadium building is said to be able to accommodate around 50 thousand to 80 thousand people at the same time. According to research, its construction and architectural techniques are remarkable for the size of buildings erected in the first century AD.
- Great Wall – China
Who doesn’t know about the great wall in China? Almost everyone in the world knows it as the longest building ever on earth and is a favorite tourist attraction of tourists from various parts of the world.
great wall of chinaaudleytravel.com
Like the Colosseum, the Great Wall in China also still survives in the list of 7 wonders of the world. The giant wall, which stretches for 8,852 km, began construction in 220 BC and continued for thousands of years afterwards.
Originally, this wall was built as a refuge for Chinese citizens. But nowadays, the Great Wall has actually become a tourist icon that has succeeded in stunning many tourists. UNESCO also eventually acknowledged that this giant wall in China is one of the most outstanding examples of military architecture. Because this building combines technology and charming art.
- Machu Picchu – Peru
The next no less amazing historical site is Machu Picchu in Peru. This site made it into the list of the seven wonders of the world, but it is the most remote and difficult to reach place among other spectacular sites. Machu Picchu is located in the misty Andes Mountains with rugged access.
Machu Picchu has about 200 buildings that are the religious and agricultural center of the Incas. Anyone is certainly fascinated by the architecture of the buildings on top of this mountain. Quite difficult access definitely pays off with its spectacular view.
This is what makes Machu Picchu experience overtourism so that the time of visits to this area is very limited. Even so, Machu Picchu remains a special attraction for local and foreign tourists. This Inca cultural heritage site was built around the 1450s which was later designated as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site in 1983.
- Petra – Jordan
Next up is the historical site of Petra located in the desert region of southwestern Jordan, precisely between the Red and Dead Seas. The site became even more popular when it appeared in the film Indiana Jones and The Last Crusade in 1989. Petra is also known as the most important historical site in the times of the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern caliphate. But this building was eventually abandoned in the 7th century AD.
Petra has a million charms capable of stunning anyone. The fusion of Eastern and Hellenistic styles looks so charming. Moreover, coupled with the view of half a building made of natural red sandstone carvings. So it’s no wonder that this archaeological site has eventually become one of the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage sites since 1985.
- Taj Mahal – India
The Taj Mahal is so thick with stories of eternal romance that it is not surprising that this building is included in the list of the seven wonders of the world. The Taj Mahal was founded by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to serve as a funeral for his much-loved wife named Mumtaz Mahal.
The construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 with a fairly complicated architecture of the building. No wonder the resulting building structure is finally very beautiful with a combination of Indian-Islamic styles that are so charming decorated with white marble.
This marble is taken directly from Agra which is located about 212 km from the Taj Mahal. The building was eventually completed in 1648 and became the most popular Indian tourist icon of all time.